PRETORIA - SOUTH AFRICA
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Pretoria
Country:
South Africa
Province:
Gauteng
Official languages:
Time zone:
SAST (UTC+2)
Dialing code:
+27 - 12
Currency:
South African rand (R) (ZAR)
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital. Pretoria is sometimes regarded as being divided into three sections: west, east and north, relative to the central business district. Pretoria is contained within the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality as one of several constituent former administrations (among which also Centurion and Soshanguve). Pretoria itself is sometimes referred to as "Tshwane" due to a long-running and controversial proposed change of name, which has, as of 2014, yet to be decided.
Pretoria is named after the Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius. Pretoria in South Africa is popularly known as the Jacaranda City due to the thousands of Jacaranda trees planted in its streets, parks and gardens.
Pretoria has over the years had very diverse cultural influences and this is reflected in the architectural styles that can be found in the city. It ranges from 19th century Dutch, German and British Colonial Architecture to modern, Postmodern, Neomodern, and Art Deco architecture styles with a good mix of uniquely South African style mixed in.
Some of the notable structures in Pretoria include the late 19th century Palace of Justice, the early 20th century Union Buildings, the post-war Voortrekker Monument, the diverse buildings dotting the main campuses of both the University of Pretoria and the University of South Africa, traditional Cape Dutch style Mahlamba Ndlopfu (the President's House), the more modern Reserve Bank of South Africa (Office skyscraper) and the Telkom Lukas Rand Transmission Tower. Other well-known structures and buildings include the Loftus Versfeld Stadium, The South African State Theatre and the Oliver Tambo building which is the Headquarters of the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (which is a good example of neomodern architecture in South Africa).
There are a lot of interesting museums in Pretoria: African Window, Freedom Park, Kruger House (Residence of the president of the ZAR, Paul Kruger), Mapungubwe Museum, Melrose House (The Treaty of Vereeniging which ended the Anglo-Boer War was signed here in 1902), Pretoria Art Museum, Pretoria Forts, Transvaal Museum, Van Tilburg Collection, Sammy Marks House, Van Wouw Museum, Voortrekker Monument.
Part of the description above is taken from the Wikipedia article Pretoria with patent CC-BY-SA. The full list of those who have contributed to the drafting of the article is available here.