WARSAW - POLAND
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Warsaw
Country:
Poland
Voivodeship:
Masovian
Official language:
Polish
Time zone:
CET(UTC+1) / CEST(UTC+2)
Dialing code:
+48 - 22
Currency:
Zloty (zł) (PLN)
Warsaw, is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River, roughly 260 kilometres (160 mi) from the Baltic Sea and 300 kilometres (190 mi) from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population is estimated at 1.711 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 2.666 million residents, which makes Warsaw the 9th most populous capital city in the European Union. The area of the city covers 516.9 square kilometres (199.6 sq mi), while the city's agglomeration covers 6,100.43 square kilometres (2,355.39 sq mi).
Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).
Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha- global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub. Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by automotive manufacturing, metal processing, steel manufacturing and electronic equipment, textile, paper, leather and food processing. The city is a significant centre of Polish media industry, and many publishers are based here. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Tourism is one of the leading industries in the services sector.
The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square with the Royal Castle and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral, Market Square, palaces, churches and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period. Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic, renaissance, baroque and neoclassical periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.
Part of the description above is taken from the Wikipedia article Warsaw with patent CC-BY-SA. The full list of those who have contributed to the drafting of the article is available here.