MONTEGO BAY - JAMAICA
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Sponsorship
Montego Bay
Country: JAMAICA
County: CORNWALL
Parish: SAINT JAMES
Elevation: 3 m (10 ft)
Dialing code: +1 876
Postal code: JMCJSxx
Time zone: EST (UTC-5)


Montego Bay is the capital of the parish of St. James and the second largest city in Jamaica by area and the fourth by population (after Kingston, Spanish Town and Portmore). It is a tourist destination with duty-free shopping, a cruise line terminal and several beaches. The city is backed by picturesque low mountains. When Christopher Columbus for the first time visited the island in 1494, he named the bay Golfo de Buen Tiempo ("Fair Weather Gulf"). The name "Montego Bay" is believed to have originated as a corruption of the Spanish word manteca ("lard"), allegedly because during the Spanish period it was the port where lard, leather, and beef were exported.


In the year 1980, Montego Bay was proclaimed a city by act of parliament, but this has not meant that it has acquired any form of autonomy as it continues to be an integral part of the parish of St. James. Today, Montego Bay is known for its large regional hospital (Cornwall Regional Hospital), port facilities, second homes for numerous upper class Jamaicans from Kingston as well as North Americans and Europeans, fine restaurants, and shopping opportunities. The coastland near Montego Bay is occupied by numerous tourist resorts, most newly built, some occupying the grounds of old sugar cane plantations with some of the original buildings and mill-works still standing. The most famous of these are the White Witch's Rose Hall and Tryall, both of which now feature world-class golf courses.

Part of the description above is taken from the Wikipedia article Montego Bay with patent CC-BY-SA. The full list of those who have contributed to the drafting of the article is available here.